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Turkey Criteria: (ii)(iii)(iv)(vi) Located in southwestern Turkey, in the upper valley of the Morsynus River, the site consists of two components: the archaeological site of Aphrodisias and the marble quarries northeast of the city.
The temple of Aphrodite dates from the 3rd century BC and the city was built one century later.
The cathedral’s frescoes are among the rarest examples of Eastern Orthodox mural paintings.
Excavated from the 1860s, six caves have revealed items dating from 43,000 to 33,000 years ago.
The centre of interest of the town was the site of Al-Ibrahimi Mosque/The tomb of the Patriarchs whose buildings are in a compound built in the 1st century AD to protect the tombs of the patriarch Abraham/Ibrahim and his family.
This place became a site of pilgrimage for the three monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
It bears witness to the cultural histories of the Norse farmer-hunters who started arriving from Iceland in the 10th century and of the Inuit hunters and Inuit farming communities that developed from the end of the 18th century.
Despite their differences, the two cultures, European Norse and Inuit, created a cultural landscape based on farming, grazing and marine mammal hunting.